On this day in 1963, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina V. Tereshkova became the first woman to travel in space, having been launched into orbit aboard the spacecraft Vostok 6, which completed 48 orbits in 71 hours.
More Events on this day:
1976: South African police fired on a group of Soweto students marching in protest against state plans to impose the Afrikaans language as a medium of instruction in black schools, igniting a massive popular uprising.
1933: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was created under authority of the Federal Reserve Act of 1933.
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica Online Daily