Republican William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States (1897–1901), was shot this day in 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and died eight days later.
More Events on this day:
1991: The Soviet Union recognized the independence of the Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
1914: French and British forces launched an offensive against advancing Germans in the First Battle of the Marne during World War I.
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica Online Daily